Bibliography: Bilingual Education (page 124 of 829)

This annotated bibliography is reformatted and customized by the Center for Positive Practices.  Some of the authors featured on this page include J. David Ramirez, Nicholas Goetzfridt, Alicia Salinas Sosa, Perry A. Zirkel, Ray C. Rist, Marie F. Kraska, Richard F. Rodriquez, Gerald D. Parr, Russell Gersten, and Heinz Kloss.

Johnson, Donna M. (1985). Results of a National Survey of Graduates of Bilingual Education Programs, TESOL Quarterly. Presents the results of a national survey of graduates of bilingual education programs. Areas surveyed included: (1) level of English proficiency of graduates, (2) field of employment of graduates, (3) percentage of graduates teaching English as a second language, and (4) percentage of graduates in administration and teacher training. Descriptors: Bilingual Education Programs, Bilingual Teachers, English (Second Language), Graduate Surveys

Sosa, Alicia Salinas (1990). Bilingual Education: Heading into the 1990s, the U.S. Perspective. The focus of federally-funded bilingual education programs has shifted over the past 20 years from serving educationally disadvantaged limited English proficient (LEP) students to serving recent immigrants and identifying alternatives to bilingual education. Since the 1960s, the LEP student population has grown increasingly diverse, illiterate, and economically disadvantaged. The following research and program elements are currently being emphasized: (1) reducing the number of at-risk students; (2) developing literacy in the native language; (3) separating native and second language use; (4) developing cognitive/academic language proficiency; (5) viewing students as active learners; (6) using holistic approaches and themes; (7) developing communicative competence; and (8) grouping students for collaborative work. The following implementation issues confront bilingual education in the 1990s: (1) the need to integrate instructional innovations into the bilingual education framework; (2) the need to examine the effect of state education agency prescriptions on LEP students; (3) the need to address the use of student testing to sort, label, and make noninstructional decisions; (4) the need to examine the effect of state procedures on minority and poor students; and (5) the need to assist Hispanic and bilingual teachers to qualify for a teaching degree. Two charts comparing program trends and emphases, a chart illustrating the growth of minority groups, and a list of 28 references are appended. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Education Programs, Curriculum Development, Educational Trends

Kraska, Marie F. (1991). Vocational Education and Bilingual Education: Addressing the Needs of Indochinese Students in Vocational Classrooms, Journal for Vocational Special Needs Education. Vocational teachers must address the needs of limited-English-speaking students who are Indochinese. Although legislative mandates require that bilingual education be provided, school systems are given latitude in developing programs. Vocational teachers should develop strategies and instructional techniques to serve these students more effectively. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Educational Strategies, Immigrants, Indochinese

Erickson, Joan Good (1985). How Many Languages Do You Speak? An Overview of Bilingual Education, Topics in Language Disorders. The paper addresses theoretical and practical issues in regard to first and second-language learning and language disorders. Information on bilingualism, bilingual education, assessment approaches, and personnel is presented. Among issues examined are simultaneous and sequential learning, code mixing and switching, and contrastive and error analysis. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Language Handicaps, Limited English Speaking

Rodriquez, Richard F.; And Others (1984). Issues in Bilingual/Multicultural Special Education, NABE: The Journal for the National Association for Bilingual Education. To determine the need for developing appropriate programs for bilingual/multicultural children, the following factors are discussed: over-representation of minority children in special education programs, biased assessment, negative labeling, low teacher expectations, lack of minority special education, inappropriate programs, lack of teacher training, and ineffective bilingual education. Descriptors: Accessibility (for Disabled), Bilingual Education, Educational Philosophy, Higher Education

Rist, Ray C. (1982). Bilingual Education: A Policy-Based Research Agenda for the 1980s, Urban Review. Proposes a bilingual education policy research framework that considers (1) whether the population of interest is geographically bound or dispersed; (2) how long the population has been within national boundaries; (3) extent of group politicization; (4) degree of permanence of language minority group; and (5) the language minority population's stand on assimilation versus pluralism. Descriptors: Acculturation, Bilingual Education, Cultural Pluralism, Educational Policy

Parr, Gerald D.; And Others (1981). Individualized versus Group Instruction in Bilingual Education: A Two-Year Study, Elementary School Journal. Results of this 2-year study of an Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title VII demonstration project indicate that teaching a class of 43 second-grade children from a small rural community in west Texas in large groups is as effective as an individualized approach to bilingual education. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Comparative Analysis, Elementary Education, Grade 2

Ramirez, J. David (1986). Comparing Structured English Immersion and Bilingual Education: First-Year Results of a National Study, American Journal of Education. Describes instructional differences among English Immersion Strategy, early-exit, and late-exit transitional bilingual education programs. The three differ radically in the use of English and the primary language for instruction; these language-use patterns are consistent with each instructional model. Little or no differences were noted in teaching behaviors. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Education Programs, Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language)

Encinias, Miguel (1976). La Educacion Bilingue y los Estudios Culturales. (Bilingual Education and Cultural Studies), La Confluencia. Bilingual education is not only a social and educational corrective, it is above all a means for maintaining and strengthening certain cultures which are in danger of disappearing. Therefore, teachers in bilingual programs must be more than masters of reading and writing, they must also be sources of culture for their students. (Written in Spanish) Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Education, Ethnic Studies

Zirkel, Perry A. (1975). Bilingual Education Programs at the Elementary School Level: Their Identification and Evaluation, Bilingual Review. A study was conducted of 275 Puerto Rican pupils to assess the relative effectiveness of various experimental models of bilingual education with respect to selected pupil and parent outcomes. A model providing a major part of the instructional day in Spanish in addition to English had generally positive results. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Elementary Education, Experimental Programs, Language Programs

Medrano, Manuel F. (1988). The Effects of Bilingual Education on Reading and Mathematics Achievement: A Longitudinal Case Study, Equity and Excellence. To study impact of bilingual education programs on reading and mathematics achievement, 278 Mexican-American seventh and eighth grade students were examined over a three-year period. The effects of the following variables on posttest scores were examined: (1) pretest scores; (2) gender; and (3) group (bilingual or mainstream). Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Education Programs, Curriculum Development, Elementary Education

British Council, London (England). English-Teaching Information Centre. (1974). Bilingualism and Multilingualism, with a Section on Bilingual Education. Specialised Bibliography A2. This bibliography is divided into three main sections. The first section lists bibliographies relevant to bilingualism and multilingualism. The second section cites books and anthologies dealing with bilingualism and multilingualism, while the third section gives references for books dealing with bilingual education. Entries include both American and European publications, and most have been published since 1970. Descriptors: Bibliographies, Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Language Planning

Gersten, Russell; Woodward, John (1995). A Longitudinal Study of Transitional and Immersion Bilingual Education Programs in One District, Elementary School Journal. Describes a longitudinal evaluation of two approaches to educating language-minority students–transitional bilingual education and a new approach, bilingual immersion. Students achievement on the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills was traced from grades four through seven, and results indicated significant effects favoring bilingual immersion in language and reading in grades four through six but not in grade seven. Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Bilingual Education, Bilingual Education Programs, Bilingual Students

Kloss, Heinz (1971). Laws and Legal Documents Relating to Problems of Bilingual Education in the United States. This document is intended to provide information about the legal aspects of bilingual education through a general discussion of the problem, as well as through the presentation of laws and other legal documents concerned with the language of education in the schools. Part I, "Introductory Remarks," identifies the two traditions of "English Monolingualism" and the "American Bilingual Tradition" and then considers the legal manifestations of these traditions under the following headings: Federal Law and Bilingual Education, State Laws Concerning the Language of Instruction, The Situation in Polities Other than Compnent States, Marginal Laws, and Supplementary Schools. A brief discussion of the future prospects of bilingual education concludes this section. Part II, "Quotations," presents excerpts from various sources (federal laws, state laws, state constitutions, Supreme Court decisions, letters from state educational authorities) in order to document present official policy toward bilingual education in both public and private schools. All states and territories of the United States are considered. An appendix provides a survey of 19th century provisions concerning bilingual or non-English schools.   [More]  Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Educational History, Federal Legislation

Goetzfridt, Nicholas (1988). An Annotated Bibliography on ESL and Bilingual Education in Guam and Other Areas of Micronesia. The bibliography contains 182 annotated and 52 unannotated citations of journal articles, newspaper articles, dissertations, books, program and research reports, and other publications concerning bilingual education and instruction in English as a second language (ESL) in Micronesia. An introductory section gives information on sources for the publications and other information concerning the use of the bibliography. The entries are indexed alphabetically.   [More]  Descriptors: Annotated Bibliographies, Bilingual Education, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries

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