Bibliography: Bilingual Education (page 090 of 829)

This annotated bibliography is reformatted and customized by the Center for Positive Practices.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Equity and Choice, James M. Orvik, Eugene Garcia, G. Edward Evans, Rudolph C. Troike, A. Bruce Gaarder, Jacob Ornstein, PTA Today, Abigail M. Thernstrom, and Arizona Association of Mexican American Educators. Tucson Chapter..

Troike, Rudolph C. (1981). Synthesis of Research on Bilingual Education, Educational Leadership. This review focuses on the areas of research that have the greatest relevance for bilingual programs: sociolinguistics and bilingualism, second language learning, sociocultural factors, and effectiveness of bilingual education. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Cultural Influences, Elementary Secondary Education

Pousada, Alicia (1979). Bilingual Education in the U.S, Journal of Communication. Examines the history and growth of bilingual education in the United States as it has developed through legislation and the courts. Discusses the Department of Health, Education and Welfare and its language planning efforts.   [More]  Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Court Litigation, Cultural Awareness

Vargas, Arturo (1986). Bilingual Education Policy: Back to the Future, PTA Today. The author argues that the secretary of education's proposed changes involving bilingual education, along with looming budget cuts, threaten to roll back educational opportunities for language-minority children. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation

Garcia, Eugene (1988). Bilingual Education in Early Childhood Programs, Teacher Education & Practice. This article surveys literature of research based on several early childhood bilingual education programs and guidelines. Common findings of each are outlined. It also includes a case study of instructional discourse in teaching language minority kindergarten children. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Case Studies, Early Childhood Education, English (Second Language)

Arizona Association of Mexican American Educators. Tucson Chapter. (1975). A Position Paper on Bilingual Education. This position paper on bilingual education holds that the best way to meet the educational needs of non-English-speaking children in the United States is through bilingual education, that is, the use of the child's home language and culture in conjunction with English throughout his education. In view of this, the aims of the paper are to: (1) evaluate past practices and methods in light of recent educational and legislative developments, and (2) make recommendations for a comprehensive bilingual education program. A brief historical background of developments on the area of bilingual education is provided, and factors confirming the need for such programs are listed, including the percentage of the population that is Spanish-speaking, and the need for language skills for participation in society, conceptual development, and the development of one's self-image. The basic components needed to develop and implement a bilingual program involve community participation, administration, staff and staff development, materials, finances, and evaluation. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Educational Objectives, Educational Philosophy

PTA Today (1986). Bilingual Education: The Need for Reform. In response to calls for reform, the secretary of education has reevaluated a variety of federal programs, including bilingual education. The secretary has proposed legislative and regulatory changes which are discussed. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation

Wright, Lawrence (1973). The Bilingual Education Movement at the Crossroads, Phi Delta Kappan. Describes what has happened and what may happen to the bilingual education movement. Explains how Congress, the courts, State governments, and education associations are wrestling with the problem. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Students, Educational Policy, Educational Programs

Ornstein, Jacob (1979). Bilingual Education–Boon or Boondoggle?, NJEA Review. This article outlines the development of Bilingual Education (BE) in the United States, looks at current practices in federally sponsored programs, and discusses the objections to BE which threaten its continued development. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Educational Practices, Educational Principles, Elementary Secondary Education

Topping, Donald M. (1975). A Bilingual Education Program for Micronesia, Linguistic Reporter. The University of Hawaii is conducting a bilingual education program for Micronesia to confront the problems of a multilingual, multicultural society. The program has produced dictionaries and grammars and has enrolled Micronesian students in education training courses.   [More]  Descriptors: Biculturalism, Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Dictionaries

Orvik, James M. (1975). Definitions of Bilingual Education in Alaska. "Bilingual education" is among the new technical terms which claim to add efficiency, precision, and clarity to an otherwise complex existence. The practitioner has the responsibility of making its definition useful–precise and comprehensive. For Alaska, a useful definition of "bilingual education" must be flexible enough to meet the specific needs of each community. Two things must be considered: (1) the bilingual situation in a particular community and (2) the kind of language program appropriate to that situation. This paper explores the usefulness of various definitions of "bilingual education", emphasizing their meaningfulness for multiple audiences, consumers as well as educational and political practitioners in Alaska's multilingual environment. Various conditions under which the term "bilingual education" is currently being used in Alaska are described.   [More]  Descriptors: American Indians, Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Classification

Thernstrom, Abigail M. (1980). E Pluribus Plura: Congress and Bilingual Education, Public Interest. Traces the political and social factors (including Black nationalism) that have influenced Federal policy regarding bilingual education since the mid 1960s. Holds that current policy is ethnocentric and robs schools of their traditional integrative function.   [More]  Descriptors: Acculturation, Bilingual Education, Black Power, Educational Legislation

Evans, G. Edward; And Others (1981). Further Notes on Bilingual Education Projects, Journal of American Indian Education. Describes and assesses American Indian bilingual programs and names colleges and universities that accept American Indian languages in fulfillment of foreign language degree requirements. Some reactions to bilingual education projects are briefly described.   [More]  Descriptors: Adult Education, American Indian Education, American Indian Languages, American Indians

Gaarder, A. Bruce (1975). Bilingual Education: Central Questions and Concerns, New York University Education Quarterly. In discussing some of the contradictions and dilemmas of bilingual education in American schools, this article shows the preponderant influence of social and political factors outside of the schools. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Educational Objectives, Language Research

Equity and Choice (1985). Bilingual Education: An Introduction to the Issues. This article from the ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education reviews the history, strategies, and research evidence on the impact of our nation's response to bilingual education. Suggests future policy recommendations for expansion of bilingual educational services. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Education Programs, Educational Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education

Ulibarri, Horacio, Ed. (1970). Interpretive Studies on Bilingual Education. Final Report. This final report contains speeches on bilingualism given at conferences in San Antonio, Los Angeles, and Albuquerque. "Bilingualism and Socioculture", "Community Involvement Through Effective Use of Mass Media Communication", "In-Service Training", "Folklore", "Dialectic Education", and "What's the Score on Bilingual Education?" are reprinted in this work. A series of on-going, public school projects in bilingual education are examined individually. The history of the entire project is reviewed and abstracts provided for four monographs concerning project-funding and function, a compendium on bilingual education, administrator guidelines, and a collection of ideas and materials on bilingual education drawn from various sources. Pre- and post-questionnaires, evaluations of conferences, and a concluding statement are included. For a related document see FL 001 740.   [More]  Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Schools, Bilingual Students, Conference Reports

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