Bibliography: Bilingual Education (page 078 of 829)

This annotated bibliography is reformatted and customized by the Center for Positive Practices.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Martha M. McCarthy, Albar A. Pena, Jorge Amselle, Linda Chavez, Kenji Hakuta, Joe J. Bernal, Philippe Garigue, Sonia Nieto, Sheryl L. Santos, and Merrill Swain.

Cummins, Jim (1980). The Entry and Exit Fallacy in Bilingual Education, NABE: The Journal for the National Association for Bilingual Education. Elaborates on cognitive/academic language proficiency and basic interpersonal communicative skills. Discusses assumptions regarding bilingual program exit and entry fallacies and implications for U.S. bilingual education. Argues that failure to adequately conceptualize the construes of language proficiency and its cross-language dimensions causes problems with assumptions underlying bilingual education.   [More]  Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Cognitive Development, Language Acquisition

Santos, Sheryl L. (1985). Parental Perceptions of Bilingual Education in Northeast Texas: Implications for Administrators, NABE: The Journal for the National Association for Bilingual Education. Anglo, Black, Hispanic, and Vietnamese parents with children enrolled in school districts in northeast Texas responded to a questionnaire to determinie their perceptions, attitudes, and knowledge about bilingual education. Responses revealed differences according to ethnicity, source of information about bilingual education, and whether a child was in a bilingual program. Descriptors: Administrator Role, Anglo Americans, Bilingual Education, Blacks

Cole, Stephan (1980). Attitudes towards Bilingual Education among Hispanics and a Nationwide Sample. Bilingual education is an issue which has been of deep concern to immigrant, particularly Hispanic, communities, but has had little visibility to the general public. No systematic surveys have been conducted either among Hispanics or the general public to find out how people feel about this issue. This report presents the results of two telephone surveys conducted on bilingual education, one of Hispanics living in New York City and Los Angeles, the other of a nationwide sample. Reported on are (1) the attitudes of Hispanics toward bilingual education; (2) a causal analysis of the attitudes of Hispanics toward bilingual education (in terms of experience with the public schools, importance placed on learning English, English-Spanish orientation, assimilationism, and demographic characteristics); (3) reasons for support of bilingual education; (4) bilingual education and evaluation of public schools; (5) the attitudes of Americans toward bilingual education; and (6) a causal analysis of the attitudes of Americans toward bilingual education (in terms of assimilationism, attitudes toward Hispanics, and general political attitudes). Data gathered during the survey are presented in 17 tables, and appendices contain a detailed discussion of methods and procedures, the questionnaires used for both surveys, and a Spanish translation of the Hispanic questionnaire. Descriptors: Acculturation, Attitude Measures, Bilingual Education, Elementary Secondary Education

Fuentes, Luis (1986). The Parent-School Partnership and Bilingual Education, Interracial Books for Children Bulletin. Parents are vital to the creation and implementation of bilingual education programs. This article outlines: (1) factors spurring renewed interest in participation of parents, especially minority and low-income parents; (2) parental tutoring and decision-making roles; (3) difficulty of measuring results; and (4) variables impeding or promoting parent involvement in bilingual education. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Elementary Secondary Education, Non English Speaking

Garigue, Philippe (1985). Bilingual University Education in Ontario, Canadian Modern Language Review. The structure and philosophy of a college bilingual program is described within the context of Ontario's bilingual education system, differentiating between university-level education intended to meet the needs of Franco-Ontarians and bilingual education intended to produce graduates equally at home in the language and culture of both official languages of Canada. Descriptors: Biculturalism, Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Case Studies

McCarthy, Martha M. (1986). Legal Forum: The Changing Federal Role in Bilingual Education, Journal of Educational Equity and Leadership. Presents a brief overview of historical developments and recent activity regarding the federal government's policy toward bilingual education. Focuses mainly on the Supreme Court's Lau v. Vichols decision of 1974, which lent support to bilingual education, and the Reagan Administration's challenges to current funding practices for such education. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Education Programs, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education

Nieto, Sonia (1986). Equity in Education: The Case for Bilingual Education, Interracial Books for Children Bulletin. An overview of some basic issues underlying the national debate on bilingual education: its history, goals, and political implications. Contrasts the maintenance and transitional approaches. Argues that bilingual education is a civil rights and an equity issue, an essential part of multicultural education. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Education Programs, Bilingualism, Civil Rights

Baetens Beardsmore, Hugo; Swain, Merrill (1985). Designing Bilingual Education: Aspects of Immersion and "European School" Models, Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development. Compares two different types of bilingual education programs–the Canadian immersion programs, designed primarily for foreign language enrichment, and the European School bilingual education program, designed primarily for language maintenance. Achievement scores for both approaches were comparable, pointing to the importance of environment and opportunity to use the target language as decisive factors. Descriptors: Bilingual Education Programs, Comparative Analysis, French, Immersion Programs

Torres, Maria E. (1988). Attitudes of Bilingual Education Parents toward Language Learning and Curriculum and Instruction, NABE: The Journal for the National Association for Bilingual Education. Interview survey finds no significant difference in attitudes toward Spanish-English bilingual education between Chicano parents who were members of the Bilingual School Advisory Committee and Chicano parents who were not nor between parents and school principals. Identifies stronger motivation for bilingual education of parents of lower social class. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language), Language Attitudes

National Foundation for the Improvement of Education, Washington, DC. (1982). Bilingual Education Fact Sheets. Public Education Strategies: Bilingual Education. Nos. 1-14, July-September 1982. Fourteen separate bilingual education fact sheets produced during 1982 have been assembled into one document presenting educators with a variety of topics on bilingual education in public education. The first fact sheet advocates bilingual instruction, despite the popular argument that other immigrants of the past did not need bilingual education instruction. A second fact sheet defines bilingual education and its importance to Hispanics. Fact sheet 3 differentiates between the learning abilities of adults and children with respect to high intensity language training (HILT) programs. Two fact sheets express concerns that using the home language in school might discourage learning English and possibly foster separatism in the schools. A discussion of the need for a curriculum that is culturally sensitive is followed by five fact sheets devoted to Title VII of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (Bilingual Education Act). Particular attention is given to student eligibility for Title VII programs, the use of Title VII funds, and sources of funding for bilingual education programs. One fact sheet presents statistics on the amount of time allotted to non-English usage in schools and the number of bilingual education teachers in public schools. Attempts to dispel the myth that bilingual programs do not teach English, but rather spend all instruction time in the child's native language are also addressed. The final fact sheet addresses the need for scientific research to provide insight into the values, attitudes, and public policy concerning bilingual education. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Education Programs, Bilingual Students, Bilingual Teachers

ADFL Bulletin (1982). A New Direction for Bilingual Education in the 1980s. A memorandum is presented that summarizes the conclusions of a group of officials on bilingual education policy and the role of bilingual education in the overall language competence of Americans. A letter to Secretary of Education Terrel Bell outlines suggestions for specific actions. Descriptors: Advisory Committees, Bilingual Education, Educational Change, Educational Policy

Chavez, Linda; Amselle, Jorge (1997). Bilingual Education Theory and Practice: Its Effectiveness and Parental Opinions, NASSP Bulletin. Research studies fail to support bilingual education theory, despite Hispanic parents' extensive lobbying to have their children taught in Spanish. Many Hispanic parents now realize that bilingual education has not served their best interests. The vast majority of limited-English-proficiency students receive English-as-a-Second Language instruction–a more promising and affordable alternative. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Hispanic Americans, Language Minorities

Pena, Albar A. (1975). Special Feature on Bilingual Education–An Overview, Today's Education. The history and future of bilingual/bicultural education are examined. Descriptors: Biculturalism, Bilingual Education, Bilingual Schools, Bilingualism

Bernal, Joe J.; And Others (1979). Bilingual Education at the Crossroads: A Rationale for Political Action, NABE: The Journal for the National Association for Bilingual Education. The article presents a brief overview of the state of the art of bilingual education, provides a background on how the government system responds to the opinions of its many publics, and deals with the political implications for bilingual education, and the need to develop political efficacy through Political Action Committee(s). Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Educational Legislation, Government Role, Political Issues

Hakuta, Kenji; And Others (1984). Bilingual Education in the Public Eye: A Case Study of New Haven, Connecticut, NABE: The Journal for the National Association for Bilingual Education. To assess perceptions and opinions about the local bilingual education program, 179 randomly selected individuals were surveyed by telephone and 37 Spanish-speaking individuals were interviewed in Spanish. Results showed that the majority felt bilingual education was the best way for Spanish-speaking children to learn English and funding should be increased. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Education Programs, Community Attitudes, Educational Attitudes

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