Bibliography: Bilingual Education (page 572 of 829)

This annotated bibliography is reformatted and customized by the Center for Positive Practices.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Leslie Garrison, Russell Gersten, Julia Fournier, Teresa L. McCarty, Guadalupe Valdes, Douglas A. New, Pirjo Linnakyla, Viking Brunell, Robertta H. Barba, and John Edwards.

Garrison, Leslie (1997). Making the NCTM's Standards Work for Emergent English Speakers, Teaching Children Mathematics. Describes how teachers can include elements of bilingual instruction to bolster mathematics instruction. Presents some instructional strategies used by the Mathematics Education Leadership Training (MELT) Project teachers to implement the first four standards. Provides a powerful mathematics program to students at all levels of English language proficiency. Descriptors: Bilingual Education Programs, Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language), Mathematics Instruction

May, Stephen A. (1993). Redeeming Multicultural Education, Language Arts. Argues that the field of multicultural education, as it is currently conceived and practiced, is riven with theoretical inconsistencies and a seemingly terminal inability to translate its emancipatory intentions into actual practice. Describes the Richmond Road School in Auckland, New Zealand, which has implemented an informed, coherent, and emancipatory approach to multicultural education. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Curriculum Development, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries

Parrish, Thomas B. (1994). A Cost Analysis of Alternative Instructional Models for Limited English Proficient Students in California, Journal of Education Finance. Analyzes limited English proficiency (LEP) program costs in 15 representative California elementary schools. Personnel, classroom, resource, and administrative costs were analyzed for five program models (bilingual early exit, bilingual late exit, double immersion, English as a Second Language, and sheltered English). Across all models, the total supplemental support for LEP services is only $361 per student annually. (Contains 15 references.) Descriptors: Bilingual Education Programs, Cost Effectiveness, Elementary Education, Limited English Speaking

Moran, Carrol; Calfee, Robert (1993). Comprehending Orthography: Social Construction of Letter-Sound Systems in Monolingual and Bilingual Programs, Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal. Suggests that a new perspective is needed on the "great debate" in literacy instruction between whole language and phonics. Proposes an approach that integrates comprehension and decoding into a system designed around the principles of student-centered, authentic instruction in a socially engaging context. Considers the advantages of bilingual programs that promote awareness of the function of print codes. Descriptors: Bilingual Education Programs, Decoding (Reading), Elementary Education, Morphophonemics

New, Douglas A. (1992). Teaching in the Fourth World, Phi Delta Kappan. The Alaskan Eskimos are an indigenous people beset by underemployment, economic dependency, low self-esteem, and feelings of inferiority in the face of the dominant white culture. Although a well-financed bilingual program is offered, students at Brevig Mission School speak Village English, a combination of English and Inupiaq. Often, test content is foreign to students' experience. Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Bilingual Education Programs, Elementary Secondary Education, Eskimos

Edwards, John (1991). Literacy and Education in Contexts of Cultural and Linguistic Heterogeneity, Canadian Modern Language Review. Discusses the multicultural education thrust to reduce illiteracy, as well as the linkage between language and identity. It is argued that encouraging literacy requires sensitivity to both roles of the tension between core knowledge and skills and the promotion of group values and culture. (60 references) Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Cultural Awareness, Educational Needs, Foreign Countries

McCarty, Teresa L. (1993). Language, Literacy, and the Image of the Child in American Indian Classrooms, Language Arts. Describes how educators at one Navajo community school are transforming assumptions about schooling for indigenous groups from a deficit model to one that views bilingualism, biculturalism, and multiculturalism as assets to be tapped. Bases the discussion on a long-term ethnographic study of the changes brought about through the implementation of bilingual whole-language pedagogy. Descriptors: American Indian Education, Bilingual Education, Ethnography, Multicultural Education

Jones, Pia (1994). Quichua-Castilian Bilingualism in the Ecuadorian Sierra, Early Child Development and Care. Explores issues of bilingualism in the Ecuadorian Sierra, including its precedents and development. Views its impact on Indian education, especially as manifested in rural primary schools. Indicates that emphasis on modernization and education of Sierra Indians is the result of policies of recent Ecuadorian governments. Discusses problems faced by rural literacy programs. Descriptors: American Indians, Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Ethnicity

Barba, Robertta H. (1993). A Study of Culturally Syntonic Variables in the Bilingual/Bicultural Science Classroom, Journal of Research in Science Teaching. Examined 57 randomly selected elementary bilingual/bicultural science classrooms in terms of culturally syntonic variables (e.g., culture-of-origin beliefs and/or practices that impact the teaching/learning process). Some findings indicate that Hispanic/Latino children are receiving science instructions with culturally asyntonic materials and in classrooms that do not use the child's native language. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Students, Educational Research, Elementary Education

Glazer, Nathan (1993). Where Is Multiculturalism Leading Us?, Phi Delta Kappan. Emphasis on the positive–the ability to read and appreciate books in another language–changes the entire tone of discussion about bilingualism and multiculturalism. Bilingualism advocates are no longer seen as aggrieved parties, as people demanding special programs in sufficient measure. Best path is maintaining a child's first language divorced from politics. Spanish is of practical value, since Mexico is our neighbor. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Educational Philosophy, Elementary Secondary Education, Hispanic Americans

Brunell, Viking; Linnakyla, Pirjo (1994). Swedish Speakers' Literacy in the Finnish Society, Journal of Reading. Discusses the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement's reading literacy study in Finland. Shows that, although language-minority students are often expected to have lower achievement in school, students from Swedish-speaking homes in Finland scored almost as well as their Finnish-speaking counterparts on extensive literacy tests. Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Bilingual Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries

Valdes, Guadalupe (1992). Bilingual Minorities and Language Issues in Writing: Toward Professionwide Responses to a New Challenge, Written Communication. Argues that teaching writing effectively to diverse students of non-English background will require an examination of existing views about the nature of writing and a critical evaluation of the profession's ability to work with bilingual individuals of different types. Discusses the nature of bilingualism, trends in current scholarship, and research directions. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Students, Bilingualism, English (Second Language)

Espinosa, Cecilia; Fournier, Julia (1995). Making Meaning of Our Lives through Literature: Past, Present, and Future, Primary Voices K-6. Describes the classrooms of bilingual teachers in an urban Phoenix, Arizona school. Discusses how the teachers struggle with questions surrounding language and literature, race and literature, and class and literature. Notes that the teachers seek books that include the children they teach and connect them to the world outside their neighborhoods. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Classroom Environment, Classroom Techniques, Primary Education

Galda, Lee; And Others (1993). One World, One Family (Children's Books), Reading Teacher. Discusses 60 recently published works of multicultural children's literature. Attaches a list of books cited and a list of books for bilingual classrooms (written in a language other than English or written in English and another language). Descriptors: Annotated Bibliographies, Bilingual Education, Childrens Literature, Elementary Education

Gersten, Russell (1996). The Double Demands of Teaching English Language Learners, Educational Leadership. A recent study observed literacy instruction in 26 San Diego and El Paso classrooms. Only five teachers seemed to provide intellectually stimulating, clear, and explicit instruction. Teachers of language-minority students should use evocative words and explicit reading strategies, help students transfer thoughts into English, and encourage students to speak and write about their lives. (20 references) Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Elementary Education, Guidelines, Instructional Effectiveness

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