Bibliography: Bilingual Education (page 190 of 829)

This annotated bibliography is reformatted and customized by the Center for Positive Practices.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Chester C. Christian, Linda Jean Levy, Mary L. Pope, James W. Ney, Tupou L. Pulu, Washington Center for Applied Linguistics, Leonard H. Golubchick, Stephen P. Klein, Robert M. Offenberg, and Barry Persky.

Klein, Stephen P.; And Others (1975). A Progress Evaluation of Four Bilingual Children's Television Shows. An evaluation of a bilingual education TV series was conducted involving 6-year-old English speaking, Spanish speaking, and bilingual children at four sites. Children were assigned to control and experimental groups with the latter group seeing four 30 minute shows. A pretest-posttest design was employed with the pretest serving as the covariate in the analyses of the data. Results indicated statistically but not educationally significant effects of the shows for certain objectives. The implications of these findings and the factors that may have influenced them are discussed.   [More]  Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Analysis of Covariance, Biculturalism, Bilingual Education

Guerra, Emilio L. (1970). Training Teachers for Spanish-Speaking Children on the Mainland. An increase in the number of bilingual schools has lead to a greater need for properly qualified and adequately trained teachers of school children of Hispanic heritage from non-English speaking homes. Characteristics of a good bilingual program are explored in this paper with occasional reference to writings of Andersson and Boyer, Fishman, and Mackey. The Dade County (Florida) program is cited for the progress it has achieved in bilingual education during the last decade. Implications for teacher training focus on: (1) language and linguistics, (2) curriculum and methods, (3) intercultural understanding, (4) evaluation and research, and (5) special program needs.   [More]  Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Schools, Bilingual Students, Bilingual Teachers

Golubchick, Leonard H., Ed.; Persky, Barry, Ed. (1974). Urban, Social, and Educational Issues. A Doctorate Association of New York Educators Series. Presented in this document are a selection of articles written by professional educators which offer insights into education as a social institution. In a section on educational issues, some of the subjects addressed include: curricula, integration, decentralization, staffing, school financing, bilingual education, test analyses, career education, school comparisons, day care, qualified teachers and affirmative action. Classified and discussed as urban problems are: power relationships, school relevance, disadvantaged children, immigration patterns, drug abuse, discipline, health, and other social and educational issues. Unions, decision making, teacher student relationships, training, and teachers' roles are discussed in a final section dealing with the teacher as a professional. Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Bilingual Education, Career Education, Curriculum

Ney, James W. (1971). Predator or Pedagogue?: The Teacher of the Bilingual Child, English Record. Cultural factors should be taken into consideration in a bilingual education program. The cultural background of the students learning English as a second language should not be regarded as inferior. A realistic analysis of a student's language capability must be made so that his language-learning problems can be recognized and solved as much as possible. The student must be able to cope with the English used in the classroom, and teaching materials must be developed to handle these problems. Instruments of measurement must be used to determine the linguistic capability of the student.   [More]  Descriptors: American Indians, Bilingual Education, Bilingual Students, Cultural Differences

Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, DC. Center for Language Education and Research. (1989). Selected Elementary and Secondary German Language Materials: Content Areas. CLEAR Annotated Bibliography Series. This 25-item annotated bibliography is composed of materials for teaching German in the content areas at the elementary and secondary levels. For each of the entries, the following information is indicated: target language, educational level, material type, content area, title, date of publication, author/developer, publisher and availability information, and an abstract/description of the material. Included are lists of publishers of German materials for teaching in the content areas (science, math, and social studies), program descriptions, curriculum guides, and suggested teaching methods for bilingual education, immersion, and foreign language in the elementary schools (FLES) programs.   [More]  Descriptors: Annotated Bibliographies, Bibliographic Records, Bilingual Education Programs, Cultural Education

Levy, Linda Jean (1978). Culture & Clay: The Reshaping of an Educational System. The validity of Bilingual Education in a multi-cultural preschool setting is examined and supported. Further, a discussion of how mental health may be linked to the recognition of a child's native language, in his aquisition of a positive self-concept, is delineated. Additionally, theoretical information is supported by a survey completed in 1976, with specific reference to cultural values and their effect on education and language learning. Conclusively, teacher attitudes play a major role in a child's acquisition of a healthy self-concept; therefore, curricular inclusion and consideration of language and ethnicity will positively affect the overall learning process. Descriptors: Biculturalism, Bilingual Education, Culture Conflict, English (Second Language)

Offenberg, Robert M. (1970). Let's Be Amigos: Title VII Bilingual Project. Evaluation of the First Year, 1969-1970. This study assesses the implementation of the "Let's Be Amigos" program for Spanish- and English-speaking students during its first year. The program, operating in Philadelphia at the elementary and secondary school levels, is described in terms of instructional objectives, evaluation criteria and procedures, student performance, teacher perceptions of student behavior, reading and writing skills of first-grade students, and the continuing-education-in-Spanish program. Commentary on a summer institute (1969) for training teachers in bilingual education programs concludes the report. Statistical data, linguistic examples, and graphs are used extensively.   [More]  Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Biculturalism, Bilingual Education, Bilingual Schools

Levinsky, Frieda L. (1972). Research on Bilingualism. This discussion of bilingualism and second language learning concerns many linguistic considerations that figure in the problem of language instruction. The author reports on current research and on the ideas of several noted linguists. Topics considered in this study are the goals of the bilingual education program, reasons for becoming bilingual, a definition of bilingualism, bilingual dominance and balance, types of bilingualism, bilingual barriers, second language study, two kinds of language learning theories, the effective teacher, and test validity. Included also are reports of observations in bilingual classrooms and conclusions based on classroom observations. The summary from a national survey of linguistic methodology is provided along with a bibliography.    [More]  Descriptors: Applied Linguistics, Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Cultural Context

Pulu, Tupou L.; Pope, Mary L. (1975). Nikolai Reader. This illustrated reader is one of a series designed for use in the Alaska State-Operated Schools' bilingual education program. This parallel English-Upper Kuskokwim Athabascan reader is a collection of short stories for intermediate-level reading that were gathered in the village of Nikolai. The stories are illustrated with black-and-white drawings. The text is designed so that the English version follows the Athabascan text on the back of the picture page, rather than being opposite the Athabascan. Descriptors: American Indian Culture, American Indian Languages, Athapascan Languages, Bilingual Education

Christian, Chester C., Jr. (1971). Differential Response to Language Stimuli before Age 3: A Case Study. This case study describes the language development of a preschool child exposed to Spanish in her home environment and to English outside the family. It is the parents' hope that the child will learn to speak, read, and write Spanish first, while learning to speak English before entering school. Her progress is described in this report, as are outside factors accounting for specific development. Prestige is regarded as a key factor in the learning of a second language, with the degree of success or failure of bilingual education in the home or school proportionate to the degree to which prestige is associated with each language being learned.   [More]  Descriptors: Attitudes, Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Case Studies

Krear, Serafina (1971). Development of Pre-Reading Skills in a Second Language or Dialect. The bilingual education program in a given community should be based on a sociolinguistic assessment of that community, and community members should be involved in assessing the surrounding bilingual reality and in deciding whether they wish to mirror that reality in the biliteracy program. This paper presents alternatives for bilingual programs based on the nature and objectives of the community. The program models presented illustrate the relative use of the native language or dialect and the second language or dialect in areas of concept development, prereading skills, written and oral language development, and reading instruction.   [More]  Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Child Language, Community Influence

Zirkel, Perry Alan (1973). A Method for Determining and Depicting Language Dominance. The purpose of this paper is to present a practical model for determining and depicting language dominance, given the general nature and needs of bilingual education programs in the United States. The author proposes the use of parallel tests of aural ability to indicate initially the language dominance of children who, for example, are otherwise commonly classified as "Spanish-speaking" or "bilingual" based upon surname. It is shown how the results can be organized for placement or programmatic purposes into a continuum, ranging, for example, from Spanish-to-English dominance. Several possible linguistic and programmatic patterns are discussed; tables and illustrations are included. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Students, Bilingualism, Child Language

Orvik, James M. (1973). A Study of English Vocabulary Comparing Eskimo and Caucasian Children. Final Report. The purpose of this study is to assess the English vocabulary of Eskimo pupils entering a bilingual education program by establishing a normative criterion based on the vocabulary levels of children whose first language is English. The tests used, "Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices" and "English Receptive Vocabulary," bear out the anticipated differences; a norm is established for Eskimo children although there is considerable difference between the two language groups. The discussion of results raises the possibility that cultural factors in test-taking behavior influence score differences in nonverbal domains of intellectual functioning. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Children, Cognitive Processes, Comparative Testing

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. (1988). Hanbuk Tungkol sa Edukasyon sa California para sa mga Magulang na ang Wika ay Minorya = A Handbook on California Education for Language Minority Parents. Pilipino/English Edition. A bilingual handbook for parents of Pilipino children in Caifornia public schools is presented that emphasizes the important partnership between home and school. In a question-answer format, the contents cover the following topics: (1) enrollment and attendance, general information, transportation; (2) basic school program, curriculum; (3) grades, promotions, testing; (4) bilingual education, including a description of the "Home Language Survey"; (5) additional education programs and services such as advanced placement, alternative education, vocational education, adult education, and state subsidies; (6) parental involvement in the schools; and (7) structure of the public school system.   [More]  Descriptors: Attendance, Bilingual Education, Curriculum Design, Elementary Secondary Education

LaFontaine, Hernan (1970). The Bilingual School (P.S. 25, Bronx). This application for continuation of the bilingual education program at the Bilingual School in the Bronx provides a review of projects conducted during the first year, and proposals and budgeting requirements for the second year. Discussion of the first year's program provides details on the teacher training component, curriculum and materials development, and the summer adult programs. The plan for the second year's operation covers proposed programs in staff improvement; acquisition, adaptation, and development of materials; adult education; and summer school. Concluding sections provide details on an accomplishment audit, program management, and budget requirements. [Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document.]   [More]  Descriptors: Administration, Adult Education, Bilingual Education, Curriculum Development

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