Bibliography: Bilingual Education (page 118 of 829)

This annotated bibliography is reformatted and customized by the Center for Positive Practices.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Pio DeCano, Federal Aid Planner, David Corson, Joann B. Lipshires, Blandina Cardenas, William A. Proefriedt, Laurie J. Gould, Peter Behuniak, L. Jane Glickman, and Ignasi Vila.

Spolsky, Bernard (1973). The Development of Navajo Bilingual Education. Bilingual education in the United States has been directed by various language education policies to which there are three dimensions: (1) the language or dialect the child speaks on entering school; (2) the type of language policy in the school, which may be monolingual or one of three types of bilingual policies; (3) the divisions of language functions which reflects the appropriateness of each language or dialect for the spoken and written channels and various social situations. To propose a language education policy, particularly in the design of bilingual education programs for nonstandardized languages, three types of languages or dialects must be considered: world, standard, and local, all of which interact in advancing the community to a modern life. On this basis, the problems of bilingual education for the Navajo have involved the development of an orthography; standardization, so that the written language may be taught; and modernization, to facilitate the handling of modern concepts. The last five years have been marked by a growing acceptance of the potential value of Navajo bilingual education, which is recognized as more than an answer to a language problem; rather, it is a central element in changing education from an alien function to one shared or controlled by the community.   [More]  Descriptors: American Indian Languages, Bilingual Education, Diglossia, Educational Policy

Stewart, David A. (1990). Directions in Bilingual Education for Deaf Children, Teaching English to Deaf and Second-Language Students. Discusses trends and future issues in the bilingual education of deaf children, including teacher learning and use of American Sign Language (ASL), the total communication approach, deaf teachers' use of ASL, the coding of English in signs, and signed English and ASL as complementary communication systems. (five references) Descriptors: American Sign Language, Bilingual Education, Deafness, Educational Trends

Hakuta, Kenji; Gould, Laurie J. (1987). Synthesis of Research on Bilingual Education, Educational Leadership. Reviews educational research on bilingual education and describes biases present in recent evaluations of bilingual programs. Contrary to assumptions about bilingual programs, recent findings suggest that native-language programs may be very effective. They support a strong foundation in the native language and set the basis for subsequent learning in English. Includes extensive references. Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Bilingual Education, Curriculum Evaluation, Educational Research

Dilworth, Donald W.; Stark, Louisa R. (1975). Bilingual Education in the Highlands of Ecuador, Linguistic Reporter. This article describes a pilot project in bilingual education, which is designed to enable the Quichua-speaking child to enter the official Ecuadorian educational system after three years of school in Indian communities. The Indian child is instructed in both Quichua and Spanish in the primary grades.   [More]  Descriptors: American Indian Languages, Bilingual Education, Cultural Isolation, Language Instruction

Morren, Ronald C. (1988). Bilingual Education Curriculum Development in Guatemala, Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development. Describes the process for developing a bilingual curriculum for Guatemala's four largest Mayan language groups. The process took into account the Mayans' maintenance of a distinct linguistic and cultural identity. The results of this experimental curriculum and the current direction of bilingual education in Guatemala are discussed. Descriptors: Bilingual Education Programs, Curriculum Development, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnicity

Jones, Gary; And Others (1993). Multilingualism and Bilingual Education in Brunei Darussalam, Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development. Although Brunei Darussalam's official language is Malay, the country is linguistically and culturally diverse. Three facets of language and language education are discussed: relationships between Malay and minority languages; the relationship between Malay and English; and the place of bilingual education. (Contains 53 references.) Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Educational Policy, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries

Vila, Ignasi (1986). Bilingual Education in the Basque Country, Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development. Describes the present state of the Basque language within the educational field in Spain and France. The article also discusses legislative issues, the number and geographical distribution of speakers of the language, the population's linguistic attitudes, and the different models of bilingual education and its results. Descriptors: Basque, Bilingual Education, Data Interpretation, Educational Policy

Federal Aid Planner (1972). A New Thrust for Bilingual Education. Describes eligibility requirements for a federal grant to set up bilingual education programs in school districts having a substantial number of children belonging to ethic groups, and who need instruction in their native language and culture. Means of planning a proposal and carrying out its provisions are discussed and several samplings of bilingual programs that are already underway are presented. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Cultural Education, Cultural Enrichment, Elementary Education

Glickman, L. Jane (1977). Federal Funds: Preparing for Bilingual Education, American Education. Some 129,000 bilingual teachers are needed to instruct students of limited English-speaking ability in elementary and secondary grades. Discusses the impact of the Bilingual Education Act in developing bilingual teacher training and describes some notable bilingual training programs for student teachers at a number of universities.   [More]  Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Teachers, Educational Needs, Elementary Secondary Education

Behuniak, Peter; And Others (1988). Bilingual Education: Evaluation Politics and Practices, Evaluation Review. Part of the history of bilingual education and its evaluation is reviewed, and the implications for evaluation practice are discussed. Technical problems in conducting a bilingual evaluation are identified; and federal, state, and local strategies for coping with these problems are discussed. Descriptors: Bilingual Education Programs, Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Methods

DeCano, Pio, II (1981). Bilingual Education: Challenge for the Community College, Community College Review. Considers the cultural diversity of the United States and its history of bilingualism. Looks at and provides examples of recent community college efforts in the area of bilingual education and presents a rationale for a community college role which includes meeting national demands for trained bilingual personnel, increasing global interaction, and improving educational access. Descriptors: Access to Education, Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, College Role

Proefriedt, William A. (1984). Equality of Opportunity and Bilingual Education, Bilingual Review. Discusses the arguments frequently made against bilingual education: equal opportunity and public identity. The assertion is made that the opportunity and public identity that we hold out for individuals of other cultures can be broadened to allow them to bring the strengths of their own cultures with them. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Cultural Pluralism, Equal Education, Language Maintenance

Corson, David (1992). Bilingual Education Policy and Social Justice, Journal of Education Policy. A critical policy decision is choice of language used as instructional medium. Evidence suggests bilingual education policies are desirable on social justice grounds in pluralist societies. An educational system that serves a multilingual society and provides only monolingual schooling exercises power unjustly. Local minority communities should participate in deciding the shape and direction of their children's schools. (72 references) Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Cultural Pluralism, Democratic Values, Educational Policy

Lipshires, Joann B. (1981). Bilingual Education Continues in New Jersey, NJEA Review. New Jersey has had transitional bilingual programs since 1968 and a state bilingual law since 1974. New Jersey's regulations are far stronger than the proposed federal regulations which were withdrawn by the Reagan administration. The New Jersey Education Association is proud of its record supporting bilingual education.   [More]  Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language), Federal Regulation

Cardenas, Blandina (1975). Broadening the Concept of Bilingual Education, Integrated Education. In testimony before the May 1974 public hearings of the New York City Commission on Human Rights, the Consultant on Bilingual Education for Texans for Educational Excellence notes that organization's investigation of the El Paso Independent School District and of other school districts in the southwest identified discriminatory practices other than those associated simply with languages.   [More]  Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Civil Rights, Educational Needs, Language Handicaps

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