Bibliography: Bilingual Education (page 092 of 829)

This annotated bibliography is reformatted and customized by the Center for Positive Practices.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Ernest Andrade, Leonie Huddy, Henri C. Barik, Raymond E. Castro, Eliane C. Condon, Liliana Minaya-Rowe, Joshua A. Fishman, Steven F. Wilson, Merrill Swain, and Klaus-Erich Gerth.

Padilla, Raymond V. (1981). A Framework for the Analysis of Bilingual Education Public Policy in the U.S. The advancement of a theory of bilingual education that has to do with the elaboration of conceptual and analytic frameworks for the purpose of describing, interpreting, and understanding the essential underlying principles and elements of bilingual education is needed as a foundation for policy formation. This paper aims to construct a framework that will facilitate understanding of the processes involved in formulating bilingual education public policy in the United States. A triad of components is proposed as a "meta-framework"–public policy, theory, and technology. Five specific elements are then examined as they relate to the meta-framework (federal courts, the U.S. Congress, state legislatures, the mass media, and bilingual communities). Finally, tentative principles are proposed that may govern, or at least influence, bilingual education policy formation. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Educational Policy, Language Planning, Policy Formation

Gerth, Klaus-Erich (1988). Latest Developments in Early Bilingual Education in France and Southern Europe, Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development. Analyzes changes that have occurred in language and culture teaching in Spain, Italy, and France in each country's specific context and discusses the scientific and pedagogical implications of each country's early bilingual education developments. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, FLES

Ulrih-Atena, Ela (1976). National Linguistic Minorities: Bilingual Basic Education in Slovenia, Prospects: Quarterly Review of Education. Outlines the history, present status, and future prospects of bilingual education in Slovenia, Yugoslovia. The way in which Italians, Hungarians, and Slovenes experience the right to equal education in a socialist society is described.   [More]  Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Educational History, Educational Opportunities, Elementary Education

Wilson, Steven F. (1993). Bilingual Education. Adapted from "Reinventing the Schools: A Radical Plan for Boston.", READ Perspectives. Critiques the effectiveness of transitional bilingual education (TBE), focusing on the TBE program in Boston, Massachusetts. Also discusses alternatives to TBE, such as English as a Second Language pull-out programs and English immersion programs. (Contains 114 references.) Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Criticism, Educational Attitudes, Educational Policy

Castro, Raymond E. (1981). Where Two Paths Cross–Bilingual Education and Foreign Language Teaching, AGENDA. The preparation of culturally sensitive multilingual Americans prepared to act interdependently with other nations should be a national priority. Bilingual education and foreign language instruction should be promoted as a coordinated effort to meet national language needs. Descriptors: Bias, Bilingual Education, Coordination, Educational Cooperation

Barik, Henri C.; Swain, Merrill (1974). English-French Bilingual Education in the Early Grades: The Elgin Study, Modern Language Journal. Presents findings of an evaluation of an English-French bilingual education program using partial instruction in the second language in St. Thomas, Ontario. The evaluation covers grades 1-3. The program operates in unilingual English environment. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, FLES, French, Language Instruction

Fishman, Joshua A. (1977). "Standard" versus "Dialect" in Bilingual Education: An Old Problem in a New Context, Modern Language Journal. A survey discussion of the question of standard languages versus dialects in education observes practice and conditions in America and Europe with attention to the definition of dialect. Responsibilities of the bilingual education teacher are outlined. Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Teachers, Bilingualism, Dialects

Condon, Eliane C. (1974). Bilingual, Bicultural Education, NJEA Review. Discussed the status and future of bilingual-bicultural education in the United States. Descriptors: Biculturalism, Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Educational Innovation

Minaya-Rowe, Liliana (1986). Sociocultural Comparison of Bilingual Education Policies and Programmes in Three Andean Countries and the United States, Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development. Presents a model of the sociocultural circumstances surrounding the development of language policies and planning and of bilingual education programs in the United States and three Andean countries: Peru, Bolivia, and Ecuador. Descriptors: Bilingual Education Programs, Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education, Cultural Influences

Trujillo, Lorenzo A. (1981). Bilingual Multicultural Education: Issues, Research, Rationale. Issues related to the future of bilingual education are discussed in this brief paper. Points of controversy concerning bilingual education are pointed out and three philosophical approaches to, or models for, bilingual education are briefly described. The view of critics who see bilingual education as educationally unsound are mentioned and data about the educational experience of culturally diverse populations in the United States are introduced as part of an argument that a return to past practices requiring cultural assimilation is not a justifiable policy. It is further argued that such traditional educational practices violate basic American principles of freedom and human rights. Research findings countering the view that bilingualism is an outward sign of poor intellectual functioning are cited. Additional studies, indicating the positive outcomes of bilingual abilities and programs, are cited and briefly described, and it is concluded that the growth of the Hispanic population necessitates the attainment of some semblance of equal educational opportunity.   [More]  Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Educational Needs, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education

Cohn, Kathleen C.; And Others (1988). Legislative Response to Proposition 63: The Fight To Save Bilingual Education in California. Chronicles the effort to preserve bilingual education in California following the passage, in November 1986, of Proposition 63 that made English the state's official language. On the day after the election in which this initiative was supported, its sponsors made public their intent to abolish California's bilingual education program. Compromise legislation was defeated. An initial investigation of the efforts of a coalition of organizations to save bilingual education found that the coalition had all but abandoned the legislative arena. The current study, with an alternative focus, is described, and preliminary findings are reported. Data for the study are drawn from papers provided by coalition organizations, statewide meetings conducted by the coalition, newsletters published by the coalition organizations, and status reports from the field offices of state legislators. The report outlines the historical context of bilingual education, demographic and political changes in California, the coalition's efforts, and suggested areas for further research. A list of 10 references is included. Descriptors: Advocacy, Agency Cooperation, Bilingual Education, Educational Policy

Zierer, Ernesto (1977). Experiences in the Bilingual Education of a Child of Pre-School Age, International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching. This article reports on experiences in the bilingual education, psychologically and pedagogically planned, of a child who died of brain cancer at age 5. Conclusions are drawn regarding order and method of language learning. Descriptors: Aphasia, Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Child Development

Andrade, Ernest (1971). Bilingual-Bicultural Education–An Answer, Colorado Journal of Educational Research. Bilingual education must seek answers to the educational needs of children who come to the classroom with a language and culture difference from the language and culture of the school. Descriptors: Biculturalism, Bilingual Education, Cultural Differences, Educational Policy

Benavides, Ezequiel (1976). Una Crisis para la Educacion Bilingue en Nuevo Mexico. (A Crisis for Bilingual Education in New Mexico), La Confluencia. Written in Spanish and English, this article briefly reviews the bilingual picture in New Mexico. If New Mexico is to succeed in attracting Federal monies for bilingual education, it must strive for unity in its efforts and objectives.   [More]  Descriptors: Agency Cooperation, Bilingual Education, Coordination, Educational Finance

Huddy, Leonie; And Others (1984). Public Attitudes Toward Bilingual Education. Public attitudes toward bilingual education were explored in a survey of a national non-Hispanic sample of 1,570 individuals. Four issues were addressed: (1) the popular conception of bilingual education; (2) how informed the American public is about the bilingual education issue; (3) the level of public support or opposition to bilingual education; and (4) the underlying reasons for current public opinion, analyzed by comparing a symbolic politics approach with self-interest explanations. It was found that the public supports bilingual education, expresses definite attitudes about it, and thinks about it in many ways. A small minority saw it as an issue of cultural and linguistic maintenance, and when it was described in this way reactions were much less favorable, suggesting that public support is for programs that simply teach English to language minority children. Expressed attitudes were only minimally based on direct personal experiences, indicating the issue is more a symbolic one, with public reactions based on feelings toward Hispanics and government assistance to minorities generally. Attitudes toward bilingual education were more strongly linked to respondents' attitudes about language teaching in the schools than to stances on spending or general bilingualism. It is proposed that the symbolism of the issue may be crucial to its future in public educational policy.   [More]  Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Comparative Analysis, Government Role, Hispanic Americans

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